When the great Sumerian city of Ur fell to the Elamites, the literary Lament for Ur was written to express the sorrow of the patron goddess of the city. Of course, the various texts which make up the Bible were written earlier. Not by a long shot. However, the Akkadians eventually became what many historians and scholars consider the first true empire. Tells the story of the fall of the Akkadian empire, due to the cursing of the king, Agade. It is not impossible that a new text will be discovered in the not too distant future that will predate all the above. Akkadian The culture of Akkad rose side by side with that of Sumer, although located originally further south. However, things really picked up during the Early Dynastic Period in Egypt, when the government of Egypt — with divine kings at the center — and other portions of Egyptian culture were established. Pre-dating the Code of Hammurabi by three centuries, the Code of Ur-Nammu has the most complete set of laws of old books. Sumerian, Akkadian and Egyptian.
An Aztec story sees a devout couple hide in the hollow of a vast tree with two ears of corn as divine storms drown the wicked of the land. Unlike the Sumerians, who were not Semitic, the people of Akkad were Semitic. Sumer was composed of city-states, each with its own ruler. The earliest examples of literature that we have date from BC, during the early Bronze Age. While these literary classics are, indeed, old, a learned library science professional could probably tell you that the earliest books are from the ancient cultures of Mesopotamia and the Middle East: In it, there is an account of the great sage Utnapishtim, who is warned of an imminent flood to be unleashed by wrathful gods. These texts represent some of the first writings found in Anatolia. The Akkadian creation epic, the Enuma Elish , can help you understand the Babylonian worldview. Eventually, the capital of the Akkadian empire became the well-known city of Babylon. Sumerian, Akkadian and Egyptian. This discussion has been continued. Yet tales of the Flood spring from many sources. Because the Akkadians, centuries after the first stories of Gilgamesh were told, fashioned the stories into one of the earliest examples of epic poetry. A great, legendary account of the conflict between two great kings. Myriad ancient cultures have their own legends of watery cataclysm and salvation. Representing what is known as Sumerian wisdom literature, the Instructions of Shuruppak was meant to teach virtue and community standards. Are you looking for an example of women in early literature? And yet, there are still books of greater age. This ancient text, a literary work ascribed to the ruler Ptahhotep , sets out proper rules governing human relationships. If the age of a book is the criterion, Amber is following the wrong religion. The city state of Eshnunna had its own set of laws. Amber wants to know why it is so hard to believe the Bible. This literature is interesting, and offers a look at the thought process of early civilization. Daniel Boyarin, of the University of California at Berkeley, said that there was growing evidence suggesting that Jesus could be best understood through a close reading of the Jewish history of his day. Interestingly, the Legend of Etana tells the story of the Sumerian king Kish, and how he obtains a son with the help of Eagle — and what happens after.
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